At Namibia, Southern part of Africa that the UNESCO has appointed 9 Balinese dances become the world cultural heritage. This plan are submitted as a world heritage to Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity UNESCO. Still on Pagerwesi day of Balinese ceremony on 09.35 PM 9 Balinese Dances appointed as World Heritage by UNESCO. All Balinese people glad to hear this information, because this decision can protect Balinese dances to claim with the other ethnic or country.
9 Balinese dances belong to 35 World Cultural Heritage not a thing from some country. UNESCO meeting held on 2 days, start from 1 until 2 December 2015. From this meeting 9 Balinese dances is the only one representative from Indonesia.
The 9 Balinese Dances Appointed as World Heritage by UNESCO are :
Barong Ket Dance
Barong ket is a towering figure. Humanoid figure with a height twice the height of an adult. Male figure called Jero Gede, while his partner called Jero Luh. That said, barong kind made to trick the spirits who spread disaster. Barong dance Barong Ket is the most numerous in Bali and most often staged. It also has Barong dance the most complete movement. Of his form, Barong Ket is a fusion between the shape of lions, tigers, cows and dragons. Agency Barong Ket decorated with intricately carved leather and hundreds of small glass mirrors. The mirror glass and gleaming like a jewel when hit by light. Barong Ket bristles made from a combination Perasok (similar plant pandan leaf fibers) and fibers. There also replace the fibers with crow feathers. Barong Ket danced by two dancers called Messiah or Savior Bapang Saluk. Bapang interpreter first dance of the head, the other Bapang interpreter in the tail. Barong Ket usually danced in pairs with Rangda, the sinister figure who symbolizes adharma (evil). Barong Ket himself into the dance symbolizes dharma (virtue). Rangda and Barong Ket couple symbolize the eternal battle andara two opposites (rwa bhineda) in this universe. Barong Ket accompanied by Gamelan Semar Pagulingan.Joged
Joged tube is a social dance in Bali. Usually performed in social events in Bali, such as weddings. This dance is danced by female dancers, who then look for the male partner of the audience to be invited to dance along. This dance is usually accompanied by a set of music from bamboo. This dance is very accentuate sex
Legong Keraton Dance
Legong is a classical Balinese dance group that has a vocabulary of highly complex motion-bound with percussion accompaniment structure is said to be the effect of gambuh. Legong word is derived from the word “leg” which means dance flexible or pliable and “gong” meaning gamelan. “Legong” thus implies that bound dance (especially accentuation) by the accompanying gamelan. Gamelan is used to accompany the Legong dance called Gamelan Semar Pagulingan.Legong palaces developed in Bali in the 19th century the second half. It is said that the idea started from a prince of Sukawati are in a state of ill dream of seeing two girls dancing gracefully accompanied by gamelan beautiful. When the prince recovered from his illness, his dream was poured in the dance repertoire with complete gamelan.
In accordance with the beginning, Legong dancer standard are two girls who have not had menstruation, danced in the moonlight in the courtyard of the palace. Both of these dancers, called Legong, always equipped with a fan as a tool. In some Legong dance there is an extra dancer, called skew, which is not equipped with a fan.The structure of the dance generally consists of papeson, pangawak, pengecet, and pakaad.In the times, Legong had lost popularity in the early 20th century by the rise of dance forms Kebyar of the northern part of Bali. New revitalization efforts initiated since the late 1960s, with exhume the old documents for reconstruction
Drama Tari Wayang Wong
Wayang Wong is basically the art of mask and puppet performances by human actors or people (wong). In bringing the characters are played, all the dancers dialogue, all the main characters wear Kawi while the clown wearing Balinese language. In some parts of the show, the dancers also sing featuring temple – the temple of the importance of Kakawin.In Bali there are two type Wayang Wong, namely Wayang Wong Ramayana, and Wayang Wong Parwa. Wayang Wayang Wong Wong Ramayana then called it, is dramatari puppetry that just took the play of entrepreneurial Carita Ramayana. Almost all the dancers wear masks. Accompanied by the gamelan Batel Wayang barreled Slendro.
Drama Tari Gambuh
Gambuh Balinese dance is a dance drama which is considered the highest quality and is also a classic dramatari Bali richest dance movements, so it is considered as the source of all kinds of classical Balinese dance.It is estimated Gambuh appeared around the 15th century with the play comes at the Panji stories. Gambuh form of total theater because it constitutes an element of the fabric of sound art, drama and dance, visual arts, literary arts, and others.Gambuh staged in ceremonies such Yadnya god temple ceremony, such as marriage ceremonies Yadnya Manusa noble family, the ceremony Pitra Yadnya (cremation) and others.
Accompanied by the gamelan Penggambuhan that pelog Saih Pitu, characters are usually displayed in Gambuh is Lean, Kakan-ballooning, daughter, Arya / Kadean-kadean, Panji (Patih Manis), Prabangsa (Patih Hard), Demat, Tomonggong, Turas , Panasar, and King. In playing these figures all the dancers in dialogue generally use Kawi language, unless the figures Turas, Panasar and Lean speaking Bali, both smooth, medium, or coarse.
Topeng Sidakarya Dance
Sidakarya term (Sidakarya: Bali), derived from the word “idea” and “work”. The word “eunuch” in Sanskrit, of uric word “siddh” (grade I / IV), it means reaching. In its formation (PP) being said siddha / siddhya, which means success, achieved, accomplished, perfect. While the word “work”, has a sense of duty, purpose, employment / occupation, ritual / ceremony. The second was a vocabulary word in the ancient Javanese language (Bahasa Kawi) “Siddhakarya” and in the language of Bali “Sidakarya”, which has the same meaning, namely a successful job or perfect (Mardiwarsito, 1985: 527). So Mask Sidakarya, is a statement that the job / work held’re done perfectly.
Baris Upacara Dance
As a ceremonial dance, as the name suggests “Lines” is derived from the word that can be interpreted bebaris troops then this dance depicts dexterity forces soldiers. This dance is a group dance performed by men, usually danced by 8 to more than 40 dancers with energetic movement is quite sturdy, straightforward and dynamic, with the accompaniment of Kebyar and Gong Gong Gede. Each species, groups of dancers carried weapons, equipment and ceremonial costumes with different colors, which later became the name of the types of existing Line dance.
Sanghyang dance is a sacred dance that serves as a complement to the ceremony to drive away plague that hit a village or area. In addition to repel plagues, this dance is also used as a means of protection against the threat of the power of black magic (black magic). Dance which is the remains of a pre-Hindu culture is usually danced by two young girls (minors) and is still considered sacred. Before you can dance dancers sanghyang candidate should run some restrictions, such as: should not pass under a clothesline clothes, can not say slovenly and rude, should not lie, and should not be stealing.
Rejang dance is a folk art dance / tribal Bali shown exclusively by women and for women. The dance movements are very simple but progressive and agile. Rejang dance performances are usually held in the temple during the course of a traditional ceremony or a religious ceremony Hindu Dharma.This dance is performed / danced by female dancers Bali with a sense hidmat, full of devotion to Hindu deities and full of inspiration. The dancers are dressed in a festive ceremony with lots of decorations, dancing with lined pages circling the temple or shrine which is sometimes done by holding hand-grip.
Rejang dance in some places also called ngeremas, Simi or sutri